There are other risk factors for developing diabetes, such as having high blood pressure, having excess amniotic fluid, having previously had an unexplained leak, or having had diabetes in previous pregnancies
The diabetes is a disease that every day is gaining more ground in the population, usually it affects older adults, but that does not mean that children, young people, even pregnant women can suffer it, a factor known as gestational diabetes..
Gestational diabetes develops because of the hormones that feed the placenta for the baby to develop some way to block the action of insulin in the mother’s body, this problem is known as insulin resistance, causing an increase in sugar in the blood.
There are other risk factors such as having high blood pressure, having excess amniotic fluid, having previously had an unexplained leak, or having had diabetes in previous pregnancies.
How do I know if I have gestational diabetes?
In order to detect this disease in pregnancy, it is necessary to perform an exam between week 24 and week 28 of pregnancy, the test is called the oral glucose tolerance test.
The test is abnormal when blood sugar is above 140 mg / dl. When this happens, the mother is referred to another more specific test that will or will not diagnose pregnancy diabetes.
The symptoms of this condition are generally not serious, and it does not affect the general health of the mother, in addition the blood sugar levels return to their normal levels once the pregnancy ends.
Symptoms can include: blurred vision, fatigue, thirst, bladder, vaginal or skin infections, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite among others.
Diet and exercise
For women who are diagnosed with diabetes in pregnancy, treatment focuses on maintaining normal blood sugar levels and ensuring healthy growth of the baby.
ડાયાબિટીસના દર્દીઓ માટે આ વસ્તુઓ છે ‘ઝેર’ સમાન
- ફુલ ફેટ ડેરી પ્રોડક્ટ્સ (બટર, ફેટ મિલ્ક, ચીઝ)
- મીઠી વસ્તુઓ (કૂકીઝ, કેન્ડી, મીઠાઈઓ, આઈસ્ક્રીમ)
- મીઠી ડ્રિંક્સ (મીઠી ચા, સ્પોર્ટ્સ ડ્રિંક્સ, જ્યુસ, સોડા)
- સ્વીટનર્સ (મધ, બ્રાઉન સુગર, મેપલ સીરપ, ટેબલ સુગર)
- ઉચ્ચ ચરબીયુક્ત માંસ
- પ્રોસેસ્ડ ફૂડ્સ (પ્રોસેસ્ડ મીટ, ઓવન પોપકોર્ન, ચિપ્સ)
- ટ્રાન્સ ફેટ્સ (ડેરી ફ્રી કોફી ક્રીમર, ફાસ્ટ ફૂડ્સ)
It is advisable to lead a healthy lifestyle, which includes a diet based on the consumption of varied and healthy foods and is prescribed by a Dietitian. In general, it should be a diet moderate in fat and protein and controlled in complex carbohydrates such as pasta, bread, cereal or rice, limiting the consumption of foods that contain a lot of sugar, sodas, juices and desserts.
The diet should include 3 meals and 3 snacks a day without omitting any.
Pregnant women with diabetes can carry a pregnancy as normal as possible, controlling stable sugar levels during pregnancy and following an established diet pattern, and increasing physical activities such as walking daily for 30 minutes.
When should medicine be used?
When a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet and exercise cannot control sugar levels, the doctor will determine the use of oral medicine or insulin to control it.
In the case of patients who do not have control of the disease, they may have complications such as the birth of a very large baby that could complicate delivery, high risk for the mother and baby of developing diabetes in the future, risk of giving birth to a stillborn baby, complications from low sugar or some other diseases in the baby, plus your baby would be at high risk of developing obesity in the future.
Risks to the baby
A baby born to a mother with pregnancy diabetes has a high risk of being obese and developing type 2 diabetes, but there are preventive measures.
The healthier your habits are during pregnancy, the lower your risk of developing diabetes, eat healthy foods, be active, and lose those extra pounds before you get pregnant.